Essential Financial and Security Regulations
There are laws that govern institutions that deal with securities. Under Securities Act of 1933, a security is any stock, bond, treasury stock, note, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, fractional undivided interest in gas, oil, or other mineral rights, collateral-trust certificate, certificate of participation or interest in any profit-sharing agreement, investment contract, transferable share, preorganization certificate or subscription, certificate of deposit for a security, or voting-trust certificate. These are some of the financial and security regulations.
Federal law determines insider trading as illegal because it leaves those who do not have inside information at a disadvantage. The company grants its officers, directors, or important shareholders ease access to its vital private information which makes then to have more advantages than other stakeholders. Others may still be ignorant when the officers, directors, or important shareholders of the company are selling shares to avoid future losses from a fall in prices because they are the first to know when the company makes irrecoverable losses or loses vital contracts. The law’s penalty for insider trading is to allow the corporation or a shareholder to sue the person who is part of the insider trading in the capacity of the organization to recover the short-swing profits.
The 1977 foreign corrupt practices act FCPA) was made part of securities exchange act that was enacted in 1934. FCPA focuses on false financial statements that some organizations file. An investigation was done by Watergate Special Prosecutor and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in theb1970s, and it established that many companies were bribing to get licenses for US companies from foreign officials or induce them to get into contacts. The companies had to hide the payments that they make in bribe in multiple financial statements to maintain great images to the public. Congress enacted the FCPA to prevent more abuses of financial reporting by creating the FCPA to stop the issuer, “any director, employee, officer, or agent” of an issuer or a stockholder acting in the capacity of the issuer from using either their interstate commerce or mails corruptly to offer, pay anything of value or promise pay a foreign political parties, foreign officials, or candidates with the aim of make the official to influence the government to favor the US corporation.
Dodd-frank wall act is a consumer protection amendment act from the financial regulations of the US that was signed in 2010 by Obama. The act enhances transparency and accountability financial system of the US by improving its financial stability. The law was developed to ends institutions that feel do not respect the rights of consumers because they have the pride to think that they are too important to be brought down, protects US taxpayer through ending bailouts and protects consumers from experiencing financial services practices that are abusive.